In 2010, 36.2% of people aged 18 years and over participated in formal volunteering (6.1 million people).
Formal volunteering often revolves around the delivery of services, and involve defined supervision structures and roles. They generally depend on long term, regular attendance.
There is often a strong emphasis on policies and procedures, with managers of volunteers supervising and checking outcomes.
Some examples of formal volunteering include:
- Delivering meals to the elderly through services such as Meals-on-Wheels
- Caring for animals through organisations such as the RSPCA
- Volunteering in museums, large charities and emergency services
Another form of formal volunteering is governance volunteering, where individuals volunteer as board members or on management committees. They help to provide leadership and direction for the organisation.
Governance volunteers work in clearly defined roles, required by the Incorporated Associations Act, 1981 for incorporated organisations, or according to the legal rules for their type of organisation. These volunteers often carry a great deal of responsibility and accountability, with specific systems and procedures to follow in terms of transparency and reporting to stakeholders.
Some examples of governance volunteering include:
- Secretary for the local soccer club
- President of an incorporated catchment group
- Volunteer treasurer for a P&C