According to Powell, Fisher and Wright (2005), all prominent interview protocols recognise that the most useful information obtained in forensic interviews is that which is given in a free narrative response. A ‘free narrative’ is obtained when interviewees are encouraged to provide an account of the event or situation in their own words, at their own pace, and without interruption. It should be obtained prior to asking any specific questions. Kebbell, Hatton and Johnson (2004) note that, for this questioning style, eyewitnesses with intellectual disability provide accounts ‘with accuracy rates broadly similar to those of the general population, although they may provide less information overall’.

Powell, Fisher and Wright (2005) describe the steps of narrative interviewing in the following way:

  1. Narrative interviewing generally proceeds with the interviewer asking a broad, open-ended question (for example, ‘Tell me everything you can remember about the event’) 
  2. The interviewer then uses minimal, non-verbal encouragers (such as head nods, pauses, silence, ‘mmmm,’ ‘uh-huh’ and additional open-ended statements or questions) to steer the interviewee to provide additional narrative information (for example, ‘Tell me more about that.’ ‘What happened then?’ ’What else can you remember about that?’) 
  3. Once the interviewee has reached the end of the story, they are usually guided back to parts of the narrative and given an opportunity for further recall (for example, ‘You said this ... can you tell me more about it?’). 

The important aspect of the prompts used in narrative interviewing is that they are general. They focus the interviewee on a particular part of the account, but do not dictate or imply which specific information is required (Power, Fisher & Wright, 2005).

Powell, Fisher and Wright (2005) list the following benefits of encouraging a free narrative:

  1. Open-ended questions usually lead to more accurate responses than specific or closed questions. The heightened accuracy of responses to open-ended questions has been demonstrated by research 
  2. Specific questions can lead interviewers to underestimate the witness’s language limitations, especially when a witness adopts strategies to conceal those limitations. For example, interviewees may repeat phrases or words used by the interviewer, provide stereotypical responses, or give affirmative answers to yes/no questions, even when they do not understand the question 
  3. Open-ended questioning that is conducted at the interviewee’s own pace allows the interviewee some time to collect their thoughts and, consequently, promotes more elaborate memory retrieval. Excessive questioning is distracting for witnesses 
  4. Open-ended questioning is less distracting for the interviewer. Open-ended questions allow the interviewer to focus their attention on listening intently to the answer, rather than focusing on formulating the next question.
The Centre for Applied Disability Research (CADR) Disability Knowledge Clearing House has been launched, to help people navigate the new disability market under the NDIS. The Clearing House exists to help people understand 'what works, for whom, under what circumstances, at what cost’. You will...
The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) has officially started in Queensland today, signalling the beginning of a new era in disability services and huge opportunity for new workers to join the sector. The NDIS is the biggest social reform in more than 40 years, giving people with...
Michael Hogan, Director General of the Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services has provided the following overview of his department's budget services for peak and partner organisations. The department's total operating expenditure for 2016-17 is $2.818 billion, representing...
""
Housing is fundamental for people to enjoy life, take part, learn, love and live with dignity. For far too many people with disability, housing is part of the struggle to be included and to participate in community and family life. People with disability want housing that is well-designed, secure,...
""
The second video in the What the NDIS means to me series is now available to view online. This video focusses on service providers and what the NDIS means to them. You can watch the new video on YouTube now . The first video sharing the experiences of people in North Queensland getting ready to...
Now in its fifth year, The Salvation Army's Economic and Social Impact Survey (ESIS) surveyed more than 1,600 clients across Australia. The report revealed “disturbing new statistics on the level of poverty in Australia”, showing that some disadvantaged Australians are living on just $17 a day. “...
""
nib foundation's Community Grant program aims to support locally-based initiatives which will make a positive difference to the health and wellbeing of Australian communities, with a focus on the health of young people, and carers. A Community Grant round is held each year and applications are...
""
Queensland Health have released My health, Queensland's future: Advancing health 2026 (Advancing health) which sets out a 10 year vision and strategy for the Queensland health system. Advancing health outlines how the health system can better serve patients, their families and their communities and...
The National Disability Insurance Agency (NDIA) published their Market Position Statement for Queensland this week. The NDIA predict significantly higher growth in jobs than the 13,000 FTE predicted by Qld Government: the NDIA expects between 15,900 and 19,400 extra FTE jobs in Queensland by the...
Queenslanders with disability will benefit from a $2.8 million funding boost and additional support services to help them prepare for the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS), which will roll out in Queensland from mid-year. Disability Services Minister Coralee O’Rourke said the additional...

Pages

Your search yielded no results

There may not be any content with your search criteria.

  • Check if your spelling is correct.
  • Remove quotes around phrases to search for each word individually. bike shed will often show more results than "bike shed".
  • Consider loosening your query with OR. bike OR shed will often show more results than bike shed.

See videos from StudioQ related to this topic

Share or Print