According to Powell, Fisher and Wright (2005), all prominent interview protocols recognise that the most useful information obtained in forensic interviews is that which is given in a free narrative response. A ‘free narrative’ is obtained when interviewees are encouraged to provide an account of the event or situation in their own words, at their own pace, and without interruption. It should be obtained prior to asking any specific questions. Kebbell, Hatton and Johnson (2004) note that, for this questioning style, eyewitnesses with intellectual disability provide accounts ‘with accuracy rates broadly similar to those of the general population, although they may provide less information overall’.

Powell, Fisher and Wright (2005) describe the steps of narrative interviewing in the following way:

  1. Narrative interviewing generally proceeds with the interviewer asking a broad, open-ended question (for example, ‘Tell me everything you can remember about the event’) 
  2. The interviewer then uses minimal, non-verbal encouragers (such as head nods, pauses, silence, ‘mmmm,’ ‘uh-huh’ and additional open-ended statements or questions) to steer the interviewee to provide additional narrative information (for example, ‘Tell me more about that.’ ‘What happened then?’ ’What else can you remember about that?’) 
  3. Once the interviewee has reached the end of the story, they are usually guided back to parts of the narrative and given an opportunity for further recall (for example, ‘You said this ... can you tell me more about it?’). 

The important aspect of the prompts used in narrative interviewing is that they are general. They focus the interviewee on a particular part of the account, but do not dictate or imply which specific information is required (Power, Fisher & Wright, 2005).

Powell, Fisher and Wright (2005) list the following benefits of encouraging a free narrative:

  1. Open-ended questions usually lead to more accurate responses than specific or closed questions. The heightened accuracy of responses to open-ended questions has been demonstrated by research 
  2. Specific questions can lead interviewers to underestimate the witness’s language limitations, especially when a witness adopts strategies to conceal those limitations. For example, interviewees may repeat phrases or words used by the interviewer, provide stereotypical responses, or give affirmative answers to yes/no questions, even when they do not understand the question 
  3. Open-ended questioning that is conducted at the interviewee’s own pace allows the interviewee some time to collect their thoughts and, consequently, promotes more elaborate memory retrieval. Excessive questioning is distracting for witnesses 
  4. Open-ended questioning is less distracting for the interviewer. Open-ended questions allow the interviewer to focus their attention on listening intently to the answer, rather than focusing on formulating the next question.
decorative
Queensland Government media release One of Queensland’s leading carers’ support agencies is set to continue receiving funding from the Palaszczuk Government as it transitions to the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). Disability Services Minister and Member for Mundingburra Coralee O’...
decorative
Wide Bay business and community leaders have come together on 12 September to discuss the economic and employment opportunities the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) will bring to the region. Disability Services Minister Coralee O’Rourke said the roundtable discussions would help...
decorative
The Careers in Disability Expo showcases current and future jobs to support people with disability in your community. The rollout of the National Disability Insurance Scheme is expected to create up to 900 and 1,100 additional jobs in the Toowoomba transition area when fully operational. At the...
decorative
The Honorable Coralee O'Rourke MP and the Queensland NDIS Transition Advisory Group will be holding industry briefings across Queensland to explore what we have learnt from year one of the NDIS transition and the potential implications for business as Queensland progresses to the full scheme. The...
decorative
A free community Workability Expo in Brisbane will showcare employment, training and career options for people with a disability. The event at Kedron Wavell Services Club, Chermside, will connect people with educators, employment services, service providers and community organisations. Event...
decorative
NDS invites you to participate in this two day workshop - Making the NDIS your Business! This workshop will comprehensively cover what organisations need to know about building a transition plan and costing and pricing in an NDIS environment. This workshop is suitable for CEOs/Executives and CFOs/...
decorative
NDS Queensland is offering workshops on Costing and Pricing in a NDIS Environment in Bundaberg, Rockhampton and Hervey Bay. Costing and pricing skill and knowledge is a key area for providers to improve business practices to be prepared to operate in the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)...
decorative
Queensland Government media release Gold Coast business and community leaders have come together to discuss the economic and employment opportunities the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) will bring to the region. Disability Services Minister Coralee O’Rourke said the NDIS discussions...
NDS in collaboration with local disability service providers invites you to a one day workshop NDIS Nuts and Bolts unpacking the processes of providing service under the NDIS with Sam Paior. Sam presents a unique opportunity around what you need to know to provide services to people with a...
decorative
Queensland Government media release The Queensland Government has unveiled a new disability plan that will create opportunities for the economic and social participation of people with disability. Minister for Disability Services Coralee O’Rourke launched the All Abilities Queensland: opportunities...

Pages

Your search yielded no results

There may not be any content with your search criteria.

  • Check if your spelling is correct.
  • Remove quotes around phrases to search for each word individually. bike shed will often show more results than "bike shed".
  • Consider loosening your query with OR. bike OR shed will often show more results than bike shed.

Pages

See videos from StudioQ related to this topic

Share or Print