Table 1 indicates that sharing and collaborating can include a wide range of activities and arrangements. Some of the models identified in NCOSS (2007) and Cairns et al. (2003) include:

  • Partnerships between large and small NGOs: in this model the large NGO might undertake financial services for the small NGO for a fee, while each NGO maintains its autonomy.
  • Co-location and forming a company: in this model a consortium is formed and a formal agreement is established about the role of each agency, the vision and mission for the MTSC and other matters. A company is formed to administer the building in which the agencies are co-located. Each organisation pays rent to the company, which holds the building lease.
  • Quasi-amalgamation: in this model an umbrella organisation is formed to handle governance and the back office functions of a group of agencies. Their front of house identity is retained. Each agency has a coordinator who reports to the new management committee.
  • Full amalgamation or merger: this model involves ‘the coming together of two or more organisations, all their assets and liabilities, to form one new body with a single name, legal form, governing body and mission’ (Cairns et al., 2003, p.2).

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