The National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS) was conducted from September 2014 to June 2015 with a sample of 11,178 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in private dwellings across Australia.

The NATSISS is a six-yearly multidimensional social survey which provides broad, self-reported information across key areas of social interest for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, primarily at the national level and by remoteness.

Some of the key findings include:

  • In 2014–15, the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over who had completed Year 12 or equivalent was 25.7%, up from 20.4% in 2008 and 16.9% in 2002.
  • The proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over who had attained a non-school qualification (such as a Certificate or Diploma) was 46.5%, up from 32.3% in 2008 and 26.1% in 2002.
  • In 2014–15, about one in 10 (9.8%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children aged 0–3 years had a birth mother who drank alcohol during pregnancy, half the rate in 2008 (19.6%).
  • In 2014–15, the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over who were daily smokers was 38.9%, down from 44.6% in 2008 and 48.6% in 2002
  • In 2014–15, the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over who were living in a dwelling that was overcrowded (requiring at least one more bedroom) was 18.4%, down from 24.9% in 2008 and 25.7% in 2002.
  • Around one-third (33.7%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children aged 4–14 years and 38.3% of those aged 15 years and over spoke an Australian Indigenous language 
  • About one-third (33.5%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over felt that they had been treated unfairly at least once in the previous 12 months, because they were of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin (34.9% in non-remote areas compared with 28.2% in remote areas) 
  • Less than half (46.0%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over were employed — 27.7% working full-time and 18.3% working part-time
  • Around three in 10 (29.1%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over had experienced homelessness during their lifetime (32.1% in non-remote areas compared with 18.4% in remote areas)

Read the full NATSISS report.

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